Brandsma arrived at Dachau in June 1942, and died the following month after being given a lethal injection.
In 1985, he was beatified by Pope John Paul II (1920 -2005).
Additionally, some Dachau detainees were subjected to brutal medical experiments by the Nazis. Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany on January 30, 1933, and in March of that year the first Nazi concentration camp opened in the town of Dachau, just outside Munich, a major city in southern Germany.
The camp initially housed political prisoners, and its first group of detainees consisted primarily of socialists and communists.
Hilmar Wäckerle (1899-1941), an official in the “Schutzstaffel” (a Nazi paramilitary organization commonly known as the SS), served as the first commandant of Dachau.
In 1965, a memorial site was created on the grounds of the former Dachau concentration camp.
That June, Theodor Eicke (1892-1943) replaced Wäckerle as Dachau commandant.Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, opened in 1933, shortly after Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) became chancellor of Germany.Located in southern Germany, Dachau initially housed political prisoners; however, it eventually evolved into a death camp where countless thousands of Jews died from malnutrition, disease and overwork or were executed.On the evening of November 9, synagogues in Germany and Austria were burned and Jewish homes, schools and businesses were vandalized.Over 30,000 Jews were arrested and dispatched to Dachau and the Buchenwald and Sachsenhausen concentration camps. In the fall of 1939, at the start of World War II, Dachau’s prisoners were relocated to Buchenwald and the concentration camps at Mauthausen and Flossenbuerg.